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react-native 实现条码扫描(ios&android)

从网上看了很多关于react native实现条码扫描的文章,里面出现了很多第三方库,有的文章说react-native-camera不能支持Android,我就自己试着写写,发现他可以兼容ios和Android。下面就来看看怎么实现吧~

一、新建项目

首先打开终端,在相应的目录下输入命令创建新项目

react-native init CameraDemo

项目创建完成,进入项目根目录下输入命令下载react-native-camera库

1.npm install react-native-camera@https://github.com/lwansbrough/react-native-camera.git --save
2.react-native link react-native-camera

二、Android配置

1.打开android/app/src/main/java/[…]/MainApplication.java文件,添加import com.lwansbrough.RCTCamera.RCTCameraPackage;,在getPackages()方法里添加new RCTCameraPackage(),
2.打开android/settings.gradle文件,添加

include ':react-native-camera'
project(':react-native-camera').projectDir = new File(rootProject.projectDir,     '../node_modules/react-native-camera/android')

3.打开android/app/build.gradle文件,在dependencies{}中添加compile project(':react-native-camera'
4.在AndroidManifest.xml配置文件中添加相关权限:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />//相机权限
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.VIBRATE" />//震动权限
<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera" android:required="false" />
<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera.front" android:required="false" />

注:android配置的前三个步骤一般情况下会自动添加,若没有添加,按上述步骤手动添加!

三、iOS配置

1.使用Xcode打开CameraDemo/ios/CameraDemo.xcodeproj文件,在Project navigator->Libraries文件夹上右击选择Add Files to ‘CameraDemo’;
2.选择项目中的node_modules->react-native-camera并且添加RCTCamera.xcodeproj文件;
3.在Build Phases中添加libRCTCamera.a;
4.在Build Settings中找到Search Paths下的Header Search Paths,添加$(SRCROOT)/../../react-native/React和$(SRCROOT)/../../../React,并且选择recursive;
如下图:

《react-native 实现条码扫描(ios&android)》

QQ20170419-140900@2x.png

5.打开ScanDemo/ios/ScanDemo/Info.plist文件,添加下列权限

<key>NSCameraUsageDescription</key>
<string>请允许使用您的相机</string>
<key>NSLocationWhenInUseUsageDescription</key>
<string></string>
<key>NSPhotoLibraryUsageDescription</key>
<string>请允许打开您的相册</string>

注:ios中前三个步骤也会自动加载,若没有添加,需按上述步骤手动添加!

四、编写代码

1.scan.js代码

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { connect } from 'react-redux';
import {
    View,
    Text,
    StyleSheet,
    Image,
    Platform,
    Vibration,
    TouchableOpacity,
    Animated,
    Easing,
    Dimensions
} from 'react-native';

const {width, height}  = Dimensions.get('window');

import {ToastMessage} from '../../utils/toast';
import Camera from 'react-native-camera';
import ViewFinder from '../../components/order/viewFinder';

import backIcon from '../../../assets/img/backIcon.png';//返回按钮
import scanLine from '../../../assets/img/scan_line.png';//扫描线

export default class Scan extends Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
        this.camera = null;
        this.state = {
            transCode:'',//条码
            openFlash: false,
            active: true,
            flag:true,
            fadeInOpacity: new Animated.Value(0), // 初始值
            isEndAnimation:false,//结束动画标记
        }
        this._goBack = this._goBack.bind(this);
        this._startAnimation = this._startAnimation.bind(this);
        this.barcodeReceived = this.barcodeReceived.bind(this);
        this._search = this._search.bind(this);
        this._changeFlash = this._changeFlash.bind(this);
        this.changeState = this.changeState.bind(this);
    }
    componentDidMount() {
         this._startAnimation(false);
    }
    //开始动画,循环播放
    _startAnimation(isEnd) {
        Animated.timing(this.state.fadeInOpacity, {
            toValue: 1,
            duration: 3000,
            easing: Easing.linear
        }).start(
             () => {
                 if (isEnd){
                     this.setState({
                         isEndAnimation:true
                     })
                     return;
                 }
                 if (!this.state.isEndAnimation){
                     this.state.fadeInOpacity.setValue(0);
                     this._startAnimation(false)
                 }
             }
        );
        console.log("开始动画");
    }
     barcodeReceived(e) {
        if (e.data !== this.transCode) {
            Vibration.vibrate([0, 500, 200, 500]);
            this.transCode = e.data; // 放在this上,防止触发多次,setstate有延时
            if(this.state.flag){
                this.changeState(false);
                //通过条码编号获取数据
            }
            console.log("transCode="+this.transCode);
        }
    }
     //返回按钮点击事件
    _goBack() {
        this.setState({
            isEndAnimation:true,
        });
        this.props.navigator.pop();
    }
    //开灯关灯
    _changeFlash() {
        this.setState({
            openFlash: !this.state.openFlash,
        });
    }
     //改变请求状态
    changeState(status){
        this.setState({
            flag:status
        });
        console.log('status='+status);
    }

    render(){
        const {
                openFlash,
                active,
            } = this.state;
        return(
            <View style={styles.allContainer}>
                {(() => {
                    if (active) {
                        return (
                            <Camera
                                ref={cam => this.camera = cam}
                                style={styles.cameraStyle}
                                barcodeScannerEnabled={true}
                                onBarCodeRead={
                                    this.barcodeReceived
                                }
                                torchMode={openFlash ? 'on' : 'off'}>
                                    <View style={styles.container}>
                                        <View style={styles.titleContainer}>
                                            <View style={styles.leftContainer}>
                                                <TouchableOpacity activeOpacity={1} onPress={ this._goBack}>
                                                    <View>
                                                        <Image style={ styles.backImg } source={ backIcon }/>
                                                    </View>
                                                </TouchableOpacity>
                                           </View>
                                        </View>
                                    </View>
                                <View style={styles.centerContainer}/>
                                <View style={{flexDirection:'row'}}>
                                    <View style={styles.fillView}/>
                                    <View style={styles.scan}>
                                        <ViewFinder/>
                                        <Animated.View style={[styles.scanLine, {
                                            opacity: 1,
                                            transform:[{
                                                translateY:this.state.fadeInOpacity.interpolate({
                                                    inputRange:[0,1],
                                                    outputRange:[0,260]
                                                })
                                            }]
                                        }]}>
                                            <Image source={scanLine}/>
                                        </Animated.View>
                                    </View>
                                    <View style={styles.fillView}/>
                                </View>
                                <View style={styles.bottomContainer}>
                                <Text
                                    style={[
                                        styles.text,
                                        {
                                            textAlign: 'center',
                                            width: 260,
                                            marginTop: active ? 25 : 285,
                                        },
                                    ]}
                                    numberOfLines={2}
                                >
                                    将运单上的条码放入框内即可自动扫描。
                                </Text>
                                <TouchableOpacity onPress={this._changeFlash}>
                                    <View style={styles.flash}>
                                        <Text style={styles.icon}>&#xe61a;</Text>
                                        <Text style={styles.text}>
                                            开灯/关灯
                                        </Text>
                                    </View>
                                </TouchableOpacity>
                                </View>
                            </Camera>
                         );
                    }
                })()}
            </View>
        )
    }
}

const styles =StyleSheet.create({
    allContainer:{
        flex:1,
    },
    container: {
        ...Platform.select({
            ios: {
                height: 64,
            },
            android: {
                height: 50
            }
        }),
        backgroundColor:BLACK_COLOR,
        opacity:0.5
    },
    titleContainer: {
        flex: 1,
        ...Platform.select({
            ios: {
                paddingTop: 15,
            },
            android: {
                paddingTop: 0,
            }
        }),
        flexDirection: 'row',
    },
    leftContainer: {
        flex:0,
        justifyContent: 'center',
    },
    backImg: {
        marginLeft: 10,
    },
    cameraStyle: {
        alignSelf: 'center',
        width: width,
        height: height,
    },
    flash: {
        flexDirection: 'column',
        alignItems: 'center',
        justifyContent: 'flex-start',
        marginTop: 60,
    },
    flashIcon: {
        fontSize: 1,
        color: WHITE_COLOR,
    },
    text: {
        fontSize: 14,
        color: WHITE_COLOR,
        marginTop:5
    },
    icon:{
        color:WHITE_COLOR,
        fontSize:20,
        fontFamily:'iconfont'
    },
    scanLine:{
         alignSelf:'center',
    },
    centerContainer:{
        ...Platform.select({
            ios: {
                height: 80,
            },
            android: {
                height: 60,
            }
        }),
        width:width,
        backgroundColor:BLACK_COLOR,
        opacity:0.5
    },
    bottomContainer:{
        alignItems:'center',
        backgroundColor:BLACK_COLOR,
        alignSelf:'center',
        opacity:0.5,
        flex:1,
        width:width
    },
    fillView:{
        width:(width-220)/2,
        height:220,
        backgroundColor:BLACK_COLOR,
        opacity:0.5
    },
    scan:{
        width:220,
        height:220,
        alignSelf:'center'
    }

})

2.viewFinder.js代码

import React, {
  Component,
  PropTypes,
} from 'react';
import {
  ActivityIndicator,
  StyleSheet,
  View,
} from 'react-native';

const styles = StyleSheet.create({
  container: {
    alignItems: 'center',
    justifyContent: 'center',
    position: 'absolute',
    top: 0,
    right: 0,
    bottom: 0,
    left: 0,
  },
  viewfinder: {
    alignItems: 'center',
    justifyContent: 'center',
    backgroundColor: 'transparent',
  },
  topLeftEdge: {
    position: 'absolute',
    top: 0,
    left: 0,
  },
  topRightEdge: {
    position: 'absolute',
    top: 0,
    right: 0,
  },
  bottomLeftEdge: {
    position: 'absolute',
    bottom: 0,
    left: 0,
  },
  bottomRightEdge: {
    position: 'absolute',
    bottom: 0,
    right: 0,
  },
});

class Viewfinder extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);

    this.getBackgroundColor = this.getBackgroundColor.bind(this);
    this.getSizeStyles = this.getSizeStyles.bind(this);
    this.getEdgeSizeStyles = this.getEdgeSizeStyles.bind(this);
    this.renderLoadingIndicator = this.renderLoadingIndicator.bind(this);
  }

  getBackgroundColor() {
    return ({
      backgroundColor: this.props.backgroundColor,
    });
  }

  getEdgeColor() {
    return ({
      borderColor: this.props.color,
    });
  }

  getSizeStyles() {
    return ({
      height: this.props.height,
      width: this.props.width,
    });
  }

  getEdgeSizeStyles() {
    return ({
      height: this.props.borderLength,
      width: this.props.borderLength,
    });
  }

  renderLoadingIndicator() {
    if (!this.props.isLoading) {
      return null;
    }

    return (
      <ActivityIndicator
        animating={this.props.isLoading}
        color={this.props.color}
        size="large"
      />
    );
  }

render() {
    return (
      <View style={[styles.container, this.getBackgroundColor()]}>
        <View style={[styles.viewfinder, this.getSizeStyles()]}>
          <View
            style={[
              this.getEdgeColor(),
              this.getEdgeSizeStyles(),
              styles.topLeftEdge,
              {
                borderLeftWidth: this.props.borderWidth,
                borderTopWidth: this.props.borderWidth,
              },
            ]}
          />
          <View
            style={[
              this.getEdgeColor(),
              this.getEdgeSizeStyles(),
              styles.topRightEdge,
              {
                borderRightWidth: this.props.borderWidth,
                borderTopWidth: this.props.borderWidth,
              },
            ]}
          />
          {this.renderLoadingIndicator()}
          <View
            style={[
             this.getEdgeColor(),
              this.getEdgeSizeStyles(),
              styles.bottomLeftEdge,
              {
                borderLeftWidth: this.props.borderWidth,
                borderBottomWidth: this.props.borderWidth,
              },
            ]}
          />
          <View
            style={[
              this.getEdgeColor(),
              this.getEdgeSizeStyles(),
              styles.bottomRightEdge,
              {
                borderRightWidth: this.props.borderWidth,
                borderBottomWidth: this.props.borderWidth,
              },
            ]}
          />
        </View>
      </View>
   );
  }
}

Viewfinder.propTypes = {
  backgroundColor: PropTypes.string,
  borderWidth: PropTypes.number,
  borderLength: PropTypes.number,
  color: PropTypes.string,
  height: PropTypes.number,
  isLoading: PropTypes.bool,
  width: PropTypes.number,
};

Viewfinder.defaultProps = {
  backgroundColor: 'transparent',
  borderWidth: 3,
  borderLength: 20,
  color: COLOR_MAIN,
  height: 220,
  isLoading: false,
  width: 220,
};
module.exports = Viewfinder;

大功告成~最后上张效果图:

《react-native 实现条码扫描(ios&android)》

1866D1330B2C6E2F40A40A7E7246C6BD.jpg
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