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iOS中常见正则表达式验证方法

在某些App应用里面需要填写用户信息(用于验证),有身份证、手机号、军官证等等。下面来跟大家分享一下各自的验证方式。

1.验证手机号码,这个是对任意输入的一串数字做验证,返回一个识别结果(字符串),根据这个结果再做判断。

//判断手机号码
+ (NSString *)valiMobile:(NSString *)mobile{
    if (mobile.length != 11){
        return @"手机号码格式错误";
    }else{
        /**
         * 移动号段正则表达式
         */
        NSString *CM_NUM = @"^((13[4-9])|(147)|(15[0-2,7-9])|(178)|(18[2-4,7-8]))\\d{8}|(1705)\\d{7}$";
        /**
         * 联通号段正则表达式
         */
        NSString *CU_NUM = @"^((13[0-2])|(145)|(15[5-6])|(176)|(18[5,6]))\\d{8}|(1709)\\d{7}$";
        /**
         * 电信号段正则表达式
         */
        NSString *CT_NUM = @"^((133)|(153)|(177)|(18[0,1,9]))\\d{8}$";
        NSPredicate *pred1 = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"SELF MATCHES %@", CM_NUM];
        BOOL isMatch1 = [pred1 evaluateWithObject:mobile];
        NSPredicate *pred2 = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"SELF MATCHES %@", CU_NUM];
        BOOL isMatch2 = [pred2 evaluateWithObject:mobile];
        NSPredicate *pred3 = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"SELF MATCHES %@", CT_NUM];
        BOOL isMatch3 = [pred3 evaluateWithObject:mobile];
        if (isMatch1 || isMatch2 || isMatch3) {
            return nil;
        }else{
            return @"请输入正确的手机号码";
        }
    }
    return nil;
}

2.验证军官证

//验证军官证
- (BOOL) checkOfficerCard: (NSString *) officerCard{
    //exp:政字第00111206号
    BOOL flag;
    if (officerCard.length <= 0) {
        flag = NO;
        return flag;
    }
    NSString *regex2 = @"^([\u5357|\u5317|\u6c88|\u5170|\u6210|\u6d4e|\u5e7f|\u6d77|\u7a7a|\u53c2|\u653f|\u540e|\u88c5][\u5b57][\u7b2c]\\d{8}[\u53f7])$";
    NSPredicate *identityCardPredicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"SELF MATCHES %@",regex2];
    return [identityCardPredicate evaluateWithObject:officerCard];
}

3.验证身份证,这个是真实身份证的验证方法,具有唯一性。

//精确的身份证号码有效性检测
- (BOOL) accurateVerifyIDCardNumber:(NSString *)value {
    value = [value stringByTrimmingCharactersInSet:[NSCharacterSet whitespaceAndNewlineCharacterSet]];
    int length =0;
    if (!value) {
        return NO;
    }else {
        length = (int)value.length;
        if (length !=15 && length !=18) {
            return NO;
        }
    }
    // 省份代码
    NSArray *areasArray =@[@"11",@"12", @"13",@"14", @"15",@"21", @"22",@"23", @"31",@"32", @"33",@"34", @"35",@"36", @"37",@"41", @"42",@"43", @"44",@"45", @"46",@"50", @"51",@"52", @"53",@"54", @"61",@"62", @"63",@"64", @"65",@"71", @"81",@"82", @"91"];
    NSString *valueStart2 = [value substringToIndex:2];
    BOOL areaFlag =NO;
    for (NSString *areaCode in areasArray) {
        if ([areaCode isEqualToString:valueStart2]) {
            areaFlag =YES;
            break;
        }
    }
    if (!areaFlag) {
        return NO;
    }
    NSRegularExpression *regularExpression;
    NSUInteger numberofMatch;

    int year =0;
    switch (length) {
        case 15:
            year = [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(6,2)].intValue +1900;

            if (year %4 ==0 || (year %100 ==0 && year %4 ==0)) {

                regularExpression = [[NSRegularExpression alloc] initWithPattern:@"^[1-9][0-9]{5}[0-9]{2}((01|03|05|07|08|10|12)(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]|3[0-1])|(04|06|09|11)(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]|30)|02(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]))[0-9]{3}$"
                                                                         options:NSRegularExpressionCaseInsensitive
                                                                           error:nil];//测试出生日期的合法性
            }else {
                regularExpression = [[NSRegularExpression alloc]initWithPattern:@"^[1-9][0-9]{5}[0-9]{2}((01|03|05|07|08|10|12)(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]|3[0-1])|(04|06|09|11)(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]|30)|02(0[1-9]|1[0-9]|2[0-8]))[0-9]{3}$"
                                                                        options:NSRegularExpressionCaseInsensitive
                                                                          error:nil];//测试出生日期的合法性
            }
            numberofMatch = [regularExpression numberOfMatchesInString:value
                                                               options:NSMatchingReportProgress
                                                                 range:NSMakeRange(0, value.length)];

            if(numberofMatch >0) {
                return YES;
            }else {
                return NO;
            }
        case 18:
            year = [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(6,4)].intValue;
            if (year %4 ==0 || (year %100 ==0 && year %4 ==0)) {

                regularExpression = [[NSRegularExpression alloc] initWithPattern:@"^[1-9][0-9]{5}19[0-9]{2}((01|03|05|07|08|10|12)(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]|3[0-1])|(04|06|09|11)(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]|30)|02(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]))[0-9]{3}[0-9Xx]$"
                                                                         options:NSRegularExpressionCaseInsensitive
                                                                           error:nil];//测试出生日期的合法性
            }else {
                regularExpression = [[NSRegularExpression alloc] initWithPattern:@"^[1-9][0-9]{5}19[0-9]{2}((01|03|05|07|08|10|12)(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]|3[0-1])|(04|06|09|11)(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]|30)|02(0[1-9]|1[0-9]|2[0-8]))[0-9]{3}[0-9Xx]$"
                                                                         options:NSRegularExpressionCaseInsensitive
                                                                           error:nil];//测试出生日期的合法性
            }
            numberofMatch = [regularExpression numberOfMatchesInString:value
                                                               options:NSMatchingReportProgress
                                                                 range:NSMakeRange(0, value.length)];

            if(numberofMatch >0) {
                int S = ([value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(0,1)].intValue + [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(10,1)].intValue) *7 + ([value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(1,1)].intValue + [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(11,1)].intValue) *9 + ([value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(2,1)].intValue + [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(12,1)].intValue) *10 + ([value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(3,1)].intValue + [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(13,1)].intValue) *5 + ([value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(4,1)].intValue + [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(14,1)].intValue) *8 + ([value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(5,1)].intValue + [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(15,1)].intValue) *4 + ([value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(6,1)].intValue + [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(16,1)].intValue) *2 + [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(7,1)].intValue *1 + [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(8,1)].intValue *6 + [value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(9,1)].intValue *3;
                int Y = S %11;
                NSString *M =@"F";
                NSString *JYM =@"10X98765432";
                M = [JYM substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(Y,1)];// 判断校验位
                if ([M isEqualToString:[value substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(17,1)]]) {
                    return YES;// 检测ID的校验位
                }else {
                    return NO;
                }

            }else {
                return NO;
            }
        default:
            return NO;
    }
}

4.邮箱的验证

//邮箱验证
- (BOOL)isEmailAddress{
    NSString *emailRegex = @"[A-Za-z0-9._%+-]+@[A-Za-z0-9.-]+\\.[A-Za-z]{2,4}";
    NSPredicate *predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"self matches %@",emailRegex];
    return [predicate evaluateWithObject:self];
}

5.银行卡有效性验证。这里是给NSString写的分类

/** 银行卡号有效性问题Luhn算法
 * 现行 16 位银联卡现行卡号开头 6 位是 622126~622925 之间的,7 到 15 位是银行自定义的,
 * 可能是发卡分行,发卡网点,发卡序号,第 16 位是校验码。
 * 16 位卡号校验位采用 Luhm 校验方法计算:
 * 1,将未带校验位的 15 位卡号从右依次编号 1 到 15,位于奇数位号上的数字乘以 2
 * 2,将奇位乘积的个十位全部相加,再加上所有偶数位上的数字
 * 3,将加法和加上校验位能被 10 整除。
 */
- (BOOL)bankCardCheck{
    NSString * lastNum = [[self substringFromIndex:(self.length-1)] copy];//取出最后一位
    NSString * forwardNum = [[self substringToIndex:(self.length -1)] copy];//前15或18位

    NSMutableArray * forwardArr = [[NSMutableArray alloc] initWithCapacity:0];
    for (int i=0; i<forwardNum.length; i++) {
        NSString * subStr = [forwardNum substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(i, 1)];
        [forwardArr addObject:subStr];
    }

    NSMutableArray * forwardDescArr = [[NSMutableArray alloc] initWithCapacity:0];
    for (int i = (int)(forwardArr.count-1); i> -1; i--) {//前15位或者前18位倒序存进数组
        [forwardDescArr addObject:forwardArr[i]];
    }

    NSMutableArray * arrOddNum = [[NSMutableArray alloc] initWithCapacity:0];//奇数位*2的积 < 9
    NSMutableArray * arrOddNum2 = [[NSMutableArray alloc] initWithCapacity:0];//奇数位*2的积 > 9
    NSMutableArray * arrEvenNum = [[NSMutableArray alloc] initWithCapacity:0];//偶数位数组

    for (int i=0; i< forwardDescArr.count; i++) {
        NSInteger num = [forwardDescArr[i] intValue];
        if (i%2) {//偶数位
            [arrEvenNum addObject:[NSNumber numberWithInteger:num]];
        }else{//奇数位
            if (num * 2 < 9) {
                [arrOddNum addObject:[NSNumber numberWithInteger:num * 2]];
            }else{
                NSInteger decadeNum = (num * 2) / 10;
                NSInteger unitNum = (num * 2) % 10;
                [arrOddNum2 addObject:[NSNumber numberWithInteger:unitNum]];
                [arrOddNum2 addObject:[NSNumber numberWithInteger:decadeNum]];
            }
        }
    }

    __block NSInteger sumOddNumTotal = 0;
    [arrOddNum enumerateObjectsUsingBlock:^(NSNumber * obj, NSUInteger idx, BOOL *stop) {
        sumOddNumTotal += [obj integerValue];
    }];

    __block NSInteger sumOddNum2Total = 0;
    [arrOddNum2 enumerateObjectsUsingBlock:^(NSNumber * obj, NSUInteger idx, BOOL *stop) {
        sumOddNum2Total += [obj integerValue];
    }];

    __block NSInteger sumEvenNumTotal =0 ;
    [arrEvenNum enumerateObjectsUsingBlock:^(NSNumber * obj, NSUInteger idx, BOOL *stop) {
        sumEvenNumTotal += [obj integerValue];
    }];

    NSInteger lastNumber = [lastNum integerValue];

    NSInteger luhmTotal = lastNumber + sumEvenNumTotal + sumOddNum2Total + sumOddNumTotal;

    return (luhmTotal%10 ==0)?YES:NO;
}

以上简单的收录了在iOS开发中常见的正则表达式的验证方法,如果写的有问题,还请大家及时指正。

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