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VMware中CentOS 7设置文件夹共享

通过VMware Tools实现物理机与虚拟机之间的文件共享。然而CentOS 7在安装(或更新)VMware Tools可能会遇到一些问题,需要手动修改源文件并打包,重新安装。

  1. 环境说明
环境 版本
物理机 Windows 10
VMware VMware Workstation 12 Pro, 版本是 12.5.2 build-4638234
CentOS 7 kernel-3.10.0-514.21.1.el7.x86_64
  1. 检查VMware Tools
    检查是否已经安装了VMware Tools, 如果已经安装好,可以跳到步骤4,配置共享文件夹。
    单击菜单 虚拟机

    • 如果下拉列表中出现了如下图所示的 更新 VMware Tools ,则说明已经安装好了(但这并不意味着能成功配置共享文件夹,如果此时VMware默认的共享目录/mnt/hgfs/不存在,那基本意味着需要重新安装了),可以暂时跳过安装步骤。
      《VMware中CentOS 7设置文件夹共享》

      检查是否已经安装了VMware Tools
    • 如果出现 安装 VMware Tools ,则直接点击安装
  2. 安装 VMware Tools

    • 点击安装VMware Tools更新VMware Tools后, CentOS会自动挂载VMware Tools, 双击打开,将里面的VMwareTools-X.tar.gz复制到桌面上
      《VMware中CentOS 7设置文件夹共享》

      拷贝安装文件到桌面
    • 在桌面打开终端,解压tar.gz包
    [hadoop@centos7-2 Desktop]$ tar -xzvf VMwareTools-10.0.10-4301679.tar.gz
    • 进入解压得到的vmware-tools-distrib目录,开始安装(需要已root身份进行),过程中遇到需要输入信息的,一路回车下去,采用默认设置即可
    [hadoop@centos7-2 vmware-tools-distrib]$ sudo ./vmware-install.pl

    安装过程可能不会一路顺利,比如会遇到以下错误

    Using kernel build system.
    make: Entering directory `/tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only'
    /bin/make -C /lib/modules/3.10.0-514.21.1.el7.x86_64/build/include/.. SUBDIRS=$PWD SRCROOT=$PWD/. \
    MODULEBUILDDIR= modules
    make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/src/kernels/3.10.0-514.21.1.el7.x86_64'
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/message.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/dir.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/rpcout.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/filesystem.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/cpName.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/link.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/request.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/hgfsUtil.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/file.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/bdhandler.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/transport.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/module.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/super.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/stubs.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/fsutil.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/cpNameLinux.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/hgfsBd.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/backdoorGcc64.o
    /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/backdoorGcc64.o: warning: objtool: BackdoorHbIn()+0xd: duplicate frame pointer save
    /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/backdoorGcc64.o: warning: objtool: BackdoorHbOut()+0xd: duplicate frame pointer save
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/page.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/backdoor.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/hgfsEscape.o
    CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/inode.o
    /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/page.c: In function ‘HgfsWbRequestWait’:
    /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/page.c:1649:23: warning: passing argument 3 of ‘wait_on_bit’ makes integer from pointer without a cast [enabled by default]
                        TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
                        ^
    In file included from include/linux/mmzone.h:9:0,
                  from include/linux/gfp.h:5,
                  from include/linux/mm.h:9,
                  from include/linux/pagemap.h:7,
                  from /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/page.c:28:
    include/linux/wait.h:1044:1: note: expected ‘unsigned int’ but argument is of type ‘int (*)(void *)’
    wait_on_bit(void *word, int bit, unsigned mode)
    ^
    /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/page.c:1649:23: error: too many arguments to function ‘wait_on_bit’
                        TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
                        ^
    In file included from include/linux/mmzone.h:9:0,
                  from include/linux/gfp.h:5,
                  from include/linux/mm.h:9,
                  from include/linux/pagemap.h:7,
                  from /tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/page.c:28:
    include/linux/wait.h:1044:1: note: declared here
    wait_on_bit(void *word, int bit, unsigned mode)
    ^
    make[2]: *** [/tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only/page.o] Error 1
    make[2]: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....
    make[1]: *** [_module_/tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only] Error 2
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/kernels/3.10.0-514.21.1.el7.x86_64'
    make: *** [vmhgfs.ko] Error 2
    make: Leaving directory `/tmp/modconfig-yqRMXf/vmhgfs-only'

    上网查了下,此时需要修改vmware-tools-distrib/lib/modules/source/vmhgfs-only/page.c

    [hadoop@centos7-2 vmware-tools-distrib]$ cd lib/modules/source/
    [hadoop@centos7-2 source]$ tar -xvf vmhgfs.tar 
    [hadoop@centos7-2 source]$ cd vmhgfs-only/
    [hadoop@centos7-2 vmhgfs-only]$ chmod 777 page.c #该文件是只读的,这里随便更改了下权限,只要让它可写就行
    [hadoop@centos7-2 vmhgfs-only]$ vi page.c 
    # 进入文件编辑模式
    :set number # 显示行号
    :1639 # 跳到第1639行,需要对该行进行修改

    把第1639行的:
    if LINUX_VERSION_CODE >= KERNEL_VERSION(3, 19, 0)
    改成
    if LINUX_VERSION_CODE >= KERNEL_VERSION(3, 10, 0)
    说明:因为 CentOS 7 的内核版本是 3.10.0
    修改保存后,重新归档

    [hadoop@centos7-2 source]$ mv vmhgfs.tar vmhgfs.tar.bak
    [hadoop@centos7-2 source]$ tar -cvf vmhgfs.tar vmhgfs-only
    [hadoop@centos7-2 source]$ cd ../../..
    [hadoop@centos7-2 vmware-tools-distrib]$ sudo ./vmware-install.pl

    此后一路回车下去,最终看到如下信息,表示安装成功

    Creating a new initrd boot image for the kernel.
      Starting Virtual Printing daemon:                                   done
    Starting vmware-tools (via systemctl):  [  OK  ]
    The configuration of VMware Tools 10.0.10 build-4301679 for Linux for this running kernel completed successfully.
    
    Enjoy,
    --the VMware team

    重新启动CentOS

  3. 配置共享文件夹

    打开虚拟机设置

    《VMware中CentOS 7设置文件夹共享》

    进入虚拟机设置

    启用共享文件夹,添加物理机上需要共享的目录

《VMware中CentOS 7设置文件夹共享》

启用共享文件夹,添加物理机上需要共享的目录

VMware默认的共享路径是在/mnt/hgfs,这是写死在VMware Tools的脚本里的,我们可以从/etc/init.d/vmware-tools查到:

 vmhgfs_mnt="/mnt/hgfs"
#Mount all hgfs filesystems" 
 vmware_mount_vmhgfs() {
    if [ "`is_vmhgfs_mounted`" = "no" ]; then
     if [ "`vmware_vmhgfs_use_fuse`" = "yes" ]; then
        mkdir -p $vmhgfs_mnt
        vmware_exec_selinux "$vmdb_answer_BINDIR/vmhgfs-fuse \
         -o subtype=vmhgfs-fuse,allow_other $vmhgfs_mnt"
      else
         vmware_exec_selinux "mount -t vmhgfs .host:/ $vmhgfs_mnt"
      fi
  fi
 }

此时在CentOS 7中就能看到物理机上面共享的文件夹了:

[hadoop@centos7-2 ~]$ ll /mnt/hgfs/
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Jun 15 00:17 pc-share

至此物理机与虚拟机CentOS 7之间的文件夹共享设置就成功了。

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