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时光不回头,当下最重要。

Android软键盘与EditText近乎完美的交互

android使用EditText的时候总是遇到一些很不爽的问题:

1.点击屏幕其他的任何位置,软键盘不会隐藏
2.软键盘会把输入框遮盖掉
3.软键盘会把界面顶起
由于对键盘和EditText的种种不爽,就弄了一个以下东西

一.首先要知道怎么用代码控制软键盘的显示隐藏

以下是软键盘显示隐藏类 KeyBoardUtils.java


import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.inputmethod.InputMethodManager;
import android.widget.EditText;

import static android.content.Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE;

/**
 * @author laijian
 * @version 2017/8/29
 * @Copyright (C)下午2:55 , Suntektech
 */
public class KeyBoardUtils {
    /**
     * 打开软键盘
     *
     * @param mEditText
     * @param mContext
     */
    public static void openKeybord(EditText mEditText, Context mContext) {
        InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) mContext
                .getSystemService(INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
        imm.showSoftInput(mEditText, InputMethodManager.RESULT_SHOWN);
        imm.toggleSoftInput(InputMethodManager.SHOW_FORCED,
                InputMethodManager.HIDE_IMPLICIT_ONLY);
    }

    /**
     * 关闭软键盘
     *
     * @param mEditText
     * @param mContext
     */
    public static void closeKeybord(EditText mEditText, Context mContext) {
        InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) mContext.getSystemService(INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
        imm.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mEditText.getWindowToken(), 0);
    }


    /**
     * des:隐藏软键盘,这种方式参数为activity
     *
     * @param activity
     */
    public static void hideInputForce(Activity activity) {
        if (activity == null || activity.getCurrentFocus() == null)
            return;
        ((InputMethodManager) activity.getSystemService(INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE))
                .hideSoftInputFromWindow(activity.getCurrentFocus()
                        .getWindowToken(), InputMethodManager.HIDE_NOT_ALWAYS);
    }

    /**
     * 打开键盘
     **/
    public static void showInput(Context context, View view) {
        InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) context.getSystemService(INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
        if (imm != null) {
            view.requestFocus();
            imm.showSoftInput(view, 0);
        }
    }




}

这个类没什么好说的

二.要知道软键盘弹出时的高度

获取软键盘弹出的高度是为了创建一个自适应的dialog,键盘弹出时就会在键盘上方显示一个带EditText的dialog
以下是获取软键盘高度的类 KeyBoardHeightUtils.java


import android.app.Activity;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.os.Build;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewTreeObserver;
import android.widget.FrameLayout;

/**
 * @author laijian
 * @version 2017/8/31
 * @Copyright (C)上午11:11 , Suntektech
 */
public class KeyBoardHeightUtils {
    private View mChildOfContent;//activity 的布局View
    private int usableHeightPrevious;//activity的View的可视高度
    private KeyBoardHigthListener keyBoardHigthListener;

    public static KeyBoardHeightUtils setKeyBoardHeigthListener(Activity activity, KeyBoardHigthListener keyBoardHigthListener) {
        return new KeyBoardHeightUtils(activity, keyBoardHigthListener);
    }

    public void removeKeyboardHeightListener() {
        if (mChildOfContent == null) {
            return;
        }
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN) {
            mChildOfContent.getViewTreeObserver().removeGlobalOnLayoutListener(globalLayoutListener);
        } else {
            mChildOfContent.getViewTreeObserver().removeOnGlobalLayoutListener(globalLayoutListener);
        }
    }

    private KeyBoardHeightUtils(final Activity activity, KeyBoardHigthListener keyBoardHigthListener) {
        this.keyBoardHigthListener = keyBoardHigthListener;
//获取安卓activity的最顶级控件
        FrameLayout content = (FrameLayout) activity.findViewById(android.R.id.content);//
        mChildOfContent = content.getChildAt(0);
 //监听视图高度变化      mChildOfContent.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(globalLayoutListener);
//点击父控件隐藏软键盘
        mChildOfContent.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                KeyBoardUtils.hideInputForce(activity);
            }
        });
    }

    private ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener globalLayoutListener = new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {

        @Override
        public void onGlobalLayout() {
            possiblyResizeChildOfContent();
        }
    };


    private void possiblyResizeChildOfContent() {
        int usableHeightNow = computeUsableHeight();
        if (usableHeightNow != usableHeightPrevious) {
            int usableHeightSansKeyboard = mChildOfContent.getRootView().getHeight();
            int heightDifference = usableHeightSansKeyboard - usableHeightNow;
//为了去除无谓的干扰,限制下高度
            if (heightDifference > (usableHeightSansKeyboard / 4)) {
                keyBoardHigthListener.keyBoardHigthListener(usableHeightSansKeyboard - heightDifference, true, mChildOfContent);
            } else {
                keyBoardHigthListener.keyBoardHigthListener(usableHeightSansKeyboard, false, mChildOfContent);
            }
            usableHeightPrevious = usableHeightNow;
        }
    }
//获取控件在屏幕的可视高度,就是界面除去了标题栏、除去了被软键盘挡住的部分,所剩下的矩形区域
    private int computeUsableHeight() {
        Rect r = new Rect();
        mChildOfContent.getWindowVisibleDisplayFrame(r);
        return (r.bottom - r.top);
    }


    interface KeyBoardHigthListener {//这个回调类写的不好,请自行修改
        void keyBoardHigthListener(int heigth, boolean showKeyBoard, View contentView);
    }


}

这代码也不多 也不难理解

三.要知道EditText控件是否被遮盖

判断EditText控件是否被遮盖是为了弹出一个带EditText 的 dialog 这样就不会说EditText被覆盖后 不知道输入了些什么内容

以下是检测EditText控件是否被覆盖

 private boolean checkViewVisiable() {
        Rect localRect = new Rect();
        boolean visiable = edtextVew.getLocalVisibleRect(localRect);
        System.out.println("visiable=" + visiable);
        return visiable;
    }

以下是判断获取的焦点是不是EditText

  View childView = contentView.findFocus();
                if (childView != null) {
                    if (childView instanceof EditText) {
                        edtextVew = (EditText) childView;

以下类就是关键类,判断EditText是否被覆盖,弹dialog等
KeyBoardUI.java


import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.Dialog;
import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.text.Editable;
import android.text.TextUtils;
import android.text.TextWatcher;
import android.util.DisplayMetrics;
import android.view.KeyEvent;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.Window;
import android.view.WindowManager;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.RelativeLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;

import com.univercityapp.convergelibrary.widget.NullMenuEditText;

/**
 * @author laijian
 * @version 2017/8/31
 * @Copyright (C)上午11:57 , Suntektech
 */
public class KeyBoardUI implements KeyBoardHeightUtils.KeyBoardHigthListener {

    private EditText edtextVew;//activity的输入框
    private Activity activity;
    private Dialog mDialog;
    private NullMenuEditText popuEdtext;//popu的输入框
    private int screenWeight = 0;//屏幕宽度
    private KeyBoardHeightUtils keyBoardHeightUtils;

    public static KeyBoardUI buildKeyBoardUI(Activity activity) {
        return new KeyBoardUI(activity);
    }


    private KeyBoardUI(Activity activity) {
        this.activity = activity;
        getScreen();
        initDialog();
        keyBoardHeightUtils = KeyBoardHeightUtils.setKeyBoardHeigthListener(activity, this);
    }

    private void getScreen() {
        DisplayMetrics dm = new DisplayMetrics();
        activity.getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(dm);
        screenWeight = dm.widthPixels;
    }

    private void initDialog() {
        LayoutInflater inflater = (LayoutInflater) activity.getBaseContext().getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
        View popuView = inflater.inflate(ResourcesUtils.getLayoutResources(activity, "popuwindow"), null);
        RelativeLayout populay = (RelativeLayout) popuView.findViewById(ResourcesUtils.getIdResources(activity, "popu_lay"));
        popuEdtext = (NullMenuEditText) popuView.findViewById(ResourcesUtils.getIdResources(activity, "ed_text"));
        mDialog = new Dialog(activity, ResourcesUtils.getStyleResources(activity, "dialog"));
        mDialog.setContentView(popuView);
        populay.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                KeyBoardUtils.closeKeybord(popuEdtext, activity);
                mDialog.dismiss();
            }
        });

    }

    @Override
    public void keyBoardHigthListener(int heigth, boolean showKeyBoard, View contentView) {
        if (showKeyBoard) {
            if (contentView != null) {
                View childView = contentView.findFocus();
                if (childView != null) {
                    if (childView instanceof EditText) {
                        edtextVew = (EditText) childView;
                        if (!checkViewVisiable()) {
                            mDialog.show();
//重新调整dialog的高度
                            Window dialogWindow = mDialog.getWindow();
                            WindowManager.LayoutParams p = dialogWindow.getAttributes(); // 获取对话框当前的参数值
                            p.height = heigth; 
                            p.width = screenWeight; 
                            dialogWindow.setAttributes(p);
                            dialogWindow.setWindowAnimations(ResourcesUtils.getStyleResources(activity, "PopupAnimation"));
                            onEdChange();
                            KeyBoardUtils.openKeybord(edtextVew, activity);
                        } else {
                            if (mDialog != null) {
                                mDialog.dismiss();
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        } else {
            if (mDialog != null) {
                mDialog.dismiss();
            }
        }
    }

    private boolean checkViewVisiable() {
        Rect localRect = new Rect();
        boolean visiable = edtextVew.getLocalVisibleRect(localRect);
        System.out.println("visiable=" + visiable);
        return visiable;
    }

    private void onEdChange() {
        String hintStr = "";
        String text = "";
        if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(edtextVew.getText())) {
            text = edtextVew.getText().toString();
        }
        if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(edtextVew.getHint())) {
            hintStr = edtextVew.getHint().toString();
        }
        popuEdtext.findFocus();
        popuEdtext.setInputType(edtextVew.getInputType());
        popuEdtext.setHint(hintStr);
        popuEdtext.setText(text);
        popuEdtext.setSelection(text.length());
        popuEdtext.setMaxEms(edtextVew.getMaxEms());
        popuEdtext.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
            @Override
            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {

            }

            @Override
            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
                edtextVew.setText(s);
                edtextVew.setSelection(s.length());
            }

            @Override
            public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {

            }
        });

        popuEdtext.setOnEditorActionListener(new TextView.OnEditorActionListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onEditorAction(TextView v, int actionId, KeyEvent event) {
                if (actionId == 0) {
                    KeyBoardUtils.closeKeybord(popuEdtext, activity);
                    mDialog.dismiss();
                    return true;
                }
                return false;
            }
        });
    }

    public void removeKeyboardHeightListener() {
        keyBoardHeightUtils.removeKeyboardHeightListener();
    }
}

四.禁止EditText长按出复制粘贴

NullMenuEditText.java


/**
 * @author laijian
 * @version 2017/8/30
 * @Copyright (C)下午5:26 , Suntektech
 */

import android.content.Context;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.view.ActionMode;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.widget.EditText;

/**
 * Created by jianjun.lin on 16/4/12.
 */
public class NullMenuEditText extends EditText {

    boolean canPaste() {
        return false;
    }

    boolean canCut() {
        return false;
    }

    boolean canCopy() {
        return false;
    }

    boolean canSelectAllText() {
        return false;
    }

    boolean canSelectText() {
        return false;
    }

    boolean textCanBeSelected() {
        return false;
    }

    public NullMenuEditText(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
        setLongClickable(false);
        setTextIsSelectable(false);
        setCustomSelectionActionModeCallback(new ActionMode.Callback() {
            @Override
            public boolean onCreateActionMode(ActionMode mode, Menu menu) {
                return false;
            }

            @Override
            public boolean onPrepareActionMode(ActionMode mode, Menu menu) {
                return false;
            }

            @Override
            public boolean onActionItemClicked(ActionMode mode, MenuItem item) {
                return false;
            }

            @Override
            public void onDestroyActionMode(ActionMode mode) {

            }
        });

    }

    @Override
    public boolean onTextContextMenuItem(int id) {
        return true;
    }
}

五.相关xml资源

还有一些动画效果资源
popup_enter.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<set xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <translate
        android:duration="100"
        android:fromYDelta="1"
        android:toYDelta="0" />
    <alpha
        android:duration="100"
        android:fromAlpha="0.0"
        android:toAlpha="1.0" />
</set>

popup_exit.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<set xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <translate
        android:duration="100"
        android:fromYDelta="0"
        android:toYDelta="1" />
    <alpha
        android:duration="100"
        android:fromAlpha="1.0"
        android:toAlpha="0.0" />
</set>

styles资源

 <style name="PopupAnimation" mce_bogus="1" parent="android:Animation">
        <item name="android:windowEnterAnimation">@anim/popup_enter</item>
        <item name="android:windowExitAnimation">@anim/popup_exit</item>
    </style>

    <style name="dialog" parent="android:style/Theme.Dialog">
        <item name="android:background">#00000000</item>
        <item name="android:windowBackground">@android:color/transparent</item>
        <item name="android:windowNoTitle">true</item>
        <item name="android:windowIsFloating">true</item>
        <item name="android:backgroundDimEnabled">false</item>
    </style>

layout文件
popuwindow.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/popu_lay"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="#00000000">

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:background="#ffffff"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:paddingTop="2dp">

        <com.univercityapp.convergelibrary.widget.NullMenuEditText
            android:id="@+id/ed_text"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="36dp"
            android:paddingLeft="6dp"
            android:background="#ffffff"
            android:gravity="center_vertical"
            android:inputType="text"
            android:maxLines="1"
            android:scrollHorizontally="true"
            android:textSize="16sp" />
    </LinearLayout>
</RelativeLayout>

六.如何使用

使用非常简单,在需要的activity的oncreat方法添加

        KeyBoardUI.buildKeyBoardUI(this);

在AndroidManifest.xml用到上面方法的activity添加
android:windowSoftInputMode=”stateVisible|adjustResize”

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